Coinciding with the current pandemic, we decided to explore one of the most singular characteristics of the project for the construction of the Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau: the use of hygienist techniques. Developed in the second half of the nineteenth century, these theories denounced the lack of sanitation and hygiene in industrial cities, linking it with high mortality rates and frequent epidemics.
In his design of Sant Pau, Domènech i Montaner was assisted by a technical commission who advised him on aspects such as the orientation of the buildings, optimum ventilation conditions, the preferential use of natural lighting and the correct distribution of patients in the space. As a result, the architectural project for Sant Pau managed significantly to increase standards of hygiene and health, and patients’ comfort level during their stay.
If you’d like to know more about how hygienism is manifested in Domènech’s architecture, the blog de la Santa Creu a Sant Pau has a new series of articles on the subject.